Chromium and Glucose Tolerance Factor for blood sugar control and binge eating

Chromium is a metal that exist on earth in several states, from Cr3+ to Cr63+ (the latter is toxic for the body). The one that the body uses is the Cr3+, which is the most stable of them all. This mineral is found in water, air and soil. Because of being trivalent (three), it can attach to other compounds such as nitrogen, oxygen or sulphur and form big complexes. Foods contains the form that humans can consume without damage, and it is usually found in high amount in organ meats and whole grains, and in lesser amount in mushrooms, cheese, spices tea and beers. Brewer’s yeast is very high in chromium and contain the form called glucose tolerance factor.

Chromium is essential in our body to form the glucose tolerance factor, with nicotinic acid and amino acids (two amino acids). This form the Glucose Tolerance Factor, which is essential for getting insulin communicating with insulin receptors, therefore promoting glucose uptake into the cell and making energy for the body to use, and is also involved in lipid (fat) metabolism as well.

Chromium increases the insulin sensitivity, by activating insulin receptor enzyme. This mineral has been studied extensively for the management of hypoglycaemia, diabetes and disorder eating, binge eating with depression involved. One of the studies have shown that also increased the effect of dopamine and serotonin, hence affecting positively the mood of the person and therefore reducing binge eating.

You do not need to have diabetes or binge eating to take chromium. If you do not eat organ meats, brewer yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae, which is used for wine making, baking and brewing), or whole grains, and you feel low in energy, without having anything in your blood results that indicate any problems, and if you have family history of diabetes or thyroid problem in your family, you might benefit from taking extra supplement every now and then or eat foods that contain chromium or have brewer yeast in supplement every now and there (unless you have a yeast infection or candida and problems with yeast, or have bloating or IBS conditions).

, or whole grains, and you feel low in energy, without having anything in your blood results that indicate any problems, and if you have family history of diabetes or thyroid problem in your family, you might benefit from taking extra supplement every now and then or eat foods that contain chromium or have brewer yeast every now and there (unless you have a yeast infection or candida and problems with yeast).

Maria Esposito BSc (Hons) R-Nutritional Therapist – NAET – R-Craniosacral Therapist

Reference:

Brownley KA et al. (2013). A double-blind, randomized pilot trial of chromium picolinate for binge eating disorder: results of the Binge Eating and Chromium (BEACh) study. J Psychosom Res. Jul; 75(1): 36-42

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