Heartburn, sign and symptoms and what to do.

Triggers factors

  • Heavy meals
  • Lying down or bending after a meal
  • Eating immediately prior to exercise
  • Prior esophageal surgery
  • Esophageal stricture (narrowing of the esophagus)
  • Cigarette smoking
  • Alcohol intake

Sign and symptoms

Heartburn — a burning sensation under the sternum in the chest — is the primary symptom of GERD. Heartburn often occurs after a meal and worsens at night, when you are lying flat. It is more likely to occur following a heavy meal, or if you bend, lift, or lie down just after eating.

Other symptoms of GERD include:

  • Regurgitation of food
  • Belching
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Chronic cough, wheezing
  • Sore throat, hoarseness or change in voice, difficulty swallowing
  • Chest pain

Life style

  • Avoid behavior that does not allow food to easily move down into and through the stomach. This includes bending, lying down, or participating in jarring exercises soon after a meal.
  • Don’t eat heavy meals
  • Avoid acidic foods and drinks. These include caffeinated beverages, decaffeinated coffee, and orange juice
  • Avoid alcohol, chocolate, spearmint, and peppermint. These can relax the low esophageal sphincter.
  • Avoid carbonated beverages
  • Avoid eating fatty foods, including full-fat milk, which also may relax the lower esophageal sphincter tone. Avoid fried foods.
  • Citrus foods
  • Take medication with plenty of water
  • Lose weight if you are overweight
  • Quit smoking
  • Avoid cranberry juice
  • Avoid Italian heavy food,
  • Avoid Mexican foods
  • Avoid Tomatoes
  • Processed foods
  • Sugar
  • Drink a big glass of water when the reflux starts, – Chew well – Eat plenty of raw vegetables – Eat slowly – Do not eat 3 hours before going to bed

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